Bay Area United Against War Newsletter, September 25, 2021


Cancel the Rents and Ban Evictions

San Francisco, Sunday, September 26, 2021

Car Caravan:

11:30 A.M.

1875 Marin St.


1:30 P.M.

Garfield Square (3100 26th St.)

Organizers from every part of the country are mobilizing to take part in the Sept. 24-26 national days of protest! Congress must act to institute an indefinite moratorium on evictions and foreclosures that covers the entire country. An act of Congress would not be subject to a court challenge the way the CDC-issued moratorium was. An indefinite eviction freeze would provide stability for working class renters, mortgage holders and small landlords, and should be followed by the total cancellation of rent and mortgage debt accumulated during the pandemic. 

Protesters taking part in the national days of action will demand that:

·      Congress pass an indefinite moratorium on evictions that covers 100 percent of the country.

·     Authorities at all levels dramatically speed up the distribution of already-allocated renter relief funds.

·      Congress cancel the rents and wipe out all rent and mortgage debt accumulated during the pandemic.



Register for the webinar at:

Sign the Petition for Compassionate Release:

Please visit Sundiata's website: https://sundiataacolifc.org/



STOP THE TERROR of the U.S. Drone Killing 


Why We Go to Creech…

Shut Down Creech, Fall Action Week 

Sun, Sept 26th - Sat, Oct 2nd

Please Join Us! 

Why We Go to Creech…

Shut Down Creech, Fall Action Week 

Sun, Sept 26th - Sat, Oct 2nd

Please Join Us!  


Ajmal Ahmadi weeps alone in a room after 10 members of his family, including 6 children were killed in a U.S. drone strike in Kabul, Afghanistan on August 29, 2021. (Photo: Marcus Yam/Los Angeles Times):  


Did you hear about the 3 Afghan toddler girls whose flesh was ripped to pieces by a U.S. Drone Strike last Sunday?  Striking in a Kabul NEIGHBORHOOD, the attack also killed 4 other children, including 2 more under 6 years old!  The grief on Amal Ahmadi’s face tells it all!  10 civilian family members dead, 7 of them children, body parts everywhere, and bodies unrecognizable.  It was a horrific and tragic scene.


And then there was last Friday’s U.S. drone strike in Nangarhar Province that U.S. officials claimed killed two “high profile" ISIS-K targets.”  A witness reported, “…rickshaws were burning.  Children and women were wounded and one man, one boy and one woman had been killed on the spot.”  







Information about Programs & Activities, Housing & Transportation, Camp Justice, Meals, and Sponsorship & Support can be found on our website at <http://shutdowncreech.blogspot.com>. 

FMI:  ShutDownCreech.blogspot.com

Co-sponsored by CODEPINK & Veterans For Peace



Photo by Linda Loew

March For Our Rights

A Community Organized March for Reproductive Justice

Saturday, October 2, 2021, at 11:00 A.M. 

SF Civic Center Plaza Area

(Masks Required)


·      Lineup will start at 10:45 A.M. at Grove St. and Hyde St.

·      March starts at 11:00 A.M. SHARP

·      March down Market St. to Embarcadero Plaza


**We will NOT have an in-person Rally before or after the March and we ask the community's help to disperse at the end of the march**


To RSVP and get more information please RSVP using either Facebook or Eventbrite. 








Follow Women’s March San Francisco on our social media to stay posted on all our events and our community collaborations and learn how to support your local group.

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/sfwomensmarch

IG: https://twitter.com/wmarchsf

Twitter: https://www.instagram.com/wmarchsf





Link to Registration:


Sincere Greetings of Peace:


The “In the Spirit of Mandela Coalition*” invites your participation and endorsement of the planned October 2021 International Tribunal. The Tribunal will be charging the United States government, its states, and specific agencies with human and civil rights violations against Black, Brown, and Indigenous people.


The Tribunal will be charging human and civil rights violations for:

• Racist police killings of Black, Brown, and Indigenous people,

• Hyper incarcerations of Black, Brown, and Indigenous people

• Political incarceration of Civil Rights/National Liberation era revolutionaries and activists, as well as present day activists,

• Environmental racism and its impact on Black, Brown, and Indigenous people,

• Public Health racism and disparities and its impact on Black, Brown, and Indigenous people, and

• Genocide of Black, Brown, and Indigenous people as a result of the historic and systemic charges of all the above.


The legal aspects of the Tribunal will be led by Attorney Nkechi Taifa along with a powerful team of seasoned attorneys from all the above fields. Thirteen jurists, some with international stature, will preside over the 3 days of testimonies. Testimonies will be elicited form impacted victims, expert witnesses, and attorneys with firsthand knowledge of specific incidences raised in the charges/indictment.


The 2021 International Tribunal has a unique set of outcomes and an opportunity to organize on a mass level across many social justice arenas. Upon the verdict, the results of the Tribunal will:

• Codify and publish the content and results of the Tribunal to be offered in High Schools and University curriculums,

• Provide organized, accurate information for reparation initiatives and community and human rights work,

• Strengthen the demand to free all Political Prisoners and establish a Truth and Reconciliation Commission mechanism to lead to their freedom,

• Provide the foundation for civil action in federal and state courts across the United States,

• Present a stronger case, building upon previous and respected human rights initiatives, on the international stage,

• Establish a healthy and viable massive national network of community organizations, activists, clergy, academics, and lawyers concerned with challenging human rights abuses on all levels and enhancing the quality of life for all people, and

• Establish the foundation to build a “Peoples’ Senate” representative of all 50 states, Indigenous Tribes, and major religions.


Endorsements are $25. Your endorsement will add to the volume of support and input vital to ensuring the success of these outcomes moving forward, and to the Tribunal itself. It will be transparently used to immediately move forward with the Tribunal outcomes.


We encourage you to add your name and organization to attend the monthly Tribunal updates and to sign on to one of the Tribunal Committees. (3rd Saturday of each month from 12 noon to 2 PM eastern time). Submit your name by emailing: spiritofmandela1@gmail.com


Please endorse now: http://spiritofmandela.org/endorse/



In solidarity,


Dr. A’isha Mohammad


Sekou Odinga


Matt Meyer


Jihad Abdulmumit


– Coordinating Committee


Created in 2018, In the Spirit of Mandela Coalition is a growing grouping of organizers, academics, clergy, attorneys, and organizations committed to working together against the systemic, historic, and ongoing human rights violations and abuses committed by the USA against Black, Brown, and Indigenous People. The Coalition recognizes and affirms the rich history of diverse and militant freedom fighters Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela, Graca Machel Mandela, Rosa Parks, Fannie Lou Hamer, Ella Baker, and many more. It is in their Spirit and affirming their legacy that we work.







To: U.S. Senate, U.S. House of Representatives

End Legal Slavery in U.S. Prisons

Sign Petition at:








Espaรฑol  Portuguรชs

On the anniversary of the 26th of July Movement’s founding, Tricontinental: Institute for Social Research launches the online exhibition, Let Cuba Live. 80 artists from 19 countries – including notable cartoonists and designers from Cuba – submitted over 100 works in defense of the Cuban Revolution. Together, the exhibition is a visual call for the end to the decades-long US-imposed blockade, whose effects have only deepened during the pandemic. The intentional blocking of remittances and Cuba’s use of global financial institutions have prevented essential food and medicine from entering the country. Together, the images in this exhibition demand: #UnblockCuba #LetCubaLive

Please contact art@thetricontinental.org if you are interested in organising a local exhibition of the exhibition.






Glen Ford was the most brilliant, courageous and consistent writer and journalist in the Black radical and independent tradition, of his generation – from the Sixties until now.
Cornel West

Glen Ford was the consummate journalist, a man who demanded rigorous analysis of himself and others, and who lived by the dictum of afflicting the comfortable and comforting the afflicted.
—Margaret Kimberley – co-founder, Black Agenda Report

Anyone who followed or knew Glen Ford was mentored by him. He is one of the few among us who lived by Amilcar Cabral’s iconic words: ’Tell no lies, claim no easy victories!’
Danny Haiphong

Glen’s transition to an ancestor has left a huge hole in our movement, not to mention in the hearts of so many of us.
—Ajamu Baraka

and get 15% off

OR Books



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Jalil Muntaqim in the 2000 documentary, "Jalil Muntaqim: Voice of Liberation" by Freedom Archives on Vimeo

Dear Progressives:

I call upon all those who identify themselves as progressive to recognize the U.S. prison system is an institution generally operated by white supremacists.  This has been my experience in both California and New York State prison systems.  In fact, on December 4th and 5th, 2016, the New York Times did a two day expose informing NYS prison system is run by white racists. However, among the many prison systems that function as a bastion of white supremacy, Lucasville, Ohio, is one of the worst in the country.


It is under these conditions that Kevin Rashid Johnson, a staunch advocate for the abolition of prisons is presently being threatened with the loss of his life.  Being held in 23 hour lockdown, Rashid, is now in the worst condition of his life, locked away in a system of rabid racists that hate him for being a New Afrikan, a brilliant artist, a revolutionary and anti-capitalist imperialist.  Since being transferred to Lucasville Rashid has been threatened, his personal property damaged and/or not given to him and must constantly be vigilant from being assaulted or murdered either by prison guards or their flunkies who mindlessly function as tools of white supremacy.


I am petitioning to the entire Progressive community to unite, to band together and say to the world… we will not permit Lucasville to murder Kevin Rashid Johnson.  I am asking every single one of you to call the Governor of Ohio and demand Rashid be immediately transferred out of the notorious Lucasville prison.  I ask that all of you contact the major Ohio newspapers and news outlets and urge them to find out why Kevin Rashid Johnson’s life is being threatened.  We, collectively, need to shine a spotlight on Kevin Rashid Johnson, and let all know Rashid belongs to the people, that progressive people around the world support him and refuse to sit idle and let Rashid be murdered in Lucasville, Ohio!!!

To contact Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine: Call the governor’s office at 614-466-3555. 

You will be prompted to go to his website to write out your message at:



Tell the governor to transfer Kevin Johnson, A787991, out of Lucasville Prison immediately before he is murdered!


Remember:  We Are Our Own Liberators

 Jalil A. Muntaqim

Jalil A. Muntaqim, legendary analyst, theorist and stategist, author of We Are Our Own Liberators, veteran of the Black Panther Party and the Black Liberation Army, co-founder of the Jericho Movement, born in Oakland, raised in San Francisco, survived 49 years in prison, from 1971 to Oct. 7, 2020. Learn about his current campaign at SpiritofMandela.organd join in preparations for the International Tribunal on Oct. 22-25, when “We Charge Genocide” again.

My letter on behalf of Rashid:


“I am very concerned about the health and safety of Mr. Johnson currently at Lucasville prison. Not only is he being held in 23-hour-lockdown, his belongings withheld from him, but he is being threatened with murder by guards. This is intolerable!  He must be transferred immediately from that notoriously racist prison. Just in the last year he has been transferred from Virginia, to Oregon, Texas, Indiana and now, Ohio. 


“There are many who are aware of what is happening to Mr. Johnson and who support his writings on the injustices prison inmates experience in this racist prison system. 




“Bonnie Weinstein”


๐˜ผ๐™ก๐™ก ๐™‹2๐™‹ ๐™ค๐™ฃ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™ž๐™จ ๐™จ๐™š๐™˜๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™™๐™–๐™ฎ ๐™ค๐™› ๐˜ฝ๐™ก๐™–๐™˜๐™  ๐˜ผ๐™ช๐™œ๐™ช๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™Š๐™ช๐™ง ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ข๐™ง๐™–๐™™๐™š ๐™๐™–๐™จ๐™๐™ž๐™™ ๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ก๐™ก ๐™ฃ๐™š๐™š๐™™๐™จ ๐™ค๐™ช๐™ง ๐™–๐™จ๐™จ๐™ž๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™˜๐™š.  ๐™„๐™ฉ ๐™ž๐™จ๐™ž๐™ข๐™ฅ๐™š๐™ง๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ซ๐™š ๐™ฉ๐™๐™–๐™ฉ ๐™˜๐™–๐™ก๐™ก๐™จ ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™š๐™ข๐™–๐™ž๐™ก๐™จ ๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ก๐™ก ๐™—๐™š ๐™ข๐™–๐™™๐™š ๐™ค๐™ฃ ๐™๐™ž๐™จ ๐™—๐™š๐™๐™–๐™ก๐™› ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™จ ๐™ก๐™ž๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™š๐™™ ๐™—๐™š๐™ก๐™ค๐™ฌ๐™Ž๐™ค๐™ข๐™š๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™š๐™˜๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™š๐™™ ๐™ข๐™š ๐™š๐™–๐™ง๐™ก๐™ž๐™š๐™ง ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ก๐™ก ๐™ข๐™š ๐™ฉ๐™๐™–๐™ฉ ๐™๐™–๐™จ๐™๐™ž๐™™'๐™จ ๐™˜๐™š๐™ก๐™ก ๐™๐™–๐™จ ๐™—๐™š๐™š๐™ฃ ๐™จ๐™š๐™–๐™ง๐™˜๐™๐™š๐™™ ๐™ฉ๐™ฌ๐™ž๐™˜๐™š ๐™ฉ๐™๐™ž๐™จ ๐™ข๐™ค๐™ง๐™ฃ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ ๐™–๐™จ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š๐™ฎ๐™—๐™š๐™ก๐™ž๐™š๐™ซ๐™š ๐™ฉ๐™๐™–๐™ฉ ๐™๐™š ๐™ž๐™จ ๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ก๐™ก ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ข๐™ข๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™ž๐™˜๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ ๐™ฌ๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™ค๐™ช๐™ฉ๐™จ๐™ž๐™™๐™š.  ๐™๐™๐™š ๐™ค๐™ฉ๐™๐™š๐™ง ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™ž๐™จ๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™š๐™ง๐™จ ๐™๐™–๐™ซ๐™š ๐™—๐™š๐™š๐™ฃ ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™ง๐™ช๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™š๐™™ ๐™ฃ๐™ค๐™ฉ ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ก๐™  ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™๐™ž๐™ข ๐™ค๐™ง ๐™–๐™จ๐™จ๐™ž๐™จ๐™ฉ ๐™๐™ž๐™ข ๐™ž๐™ฃ ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ฎ ๐™ฌ๐™–๐™ฎ๐™๐™๐™š ๐™ฅ๐™ž๐™œ๐™จ ๐™–๐™ง๐™š ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ข๐™ฅ๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™จ๐™ค๐™ฌ ๐™™๐™ž๐™ซ๐™ž๐™จ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ ๐™ฅ๐™š๐™ง ๐™ช๐™จ๐™ช๐™–๐™ก. - Shupavu Wa Kirima 


๐™’๐™š ๐™–๐™ง๐™š ๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ก๐™ก ๐™™๐™š๐™ข๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™›๐™ค๐™ก๐™ก๐™ค๐™ฌ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ:  


1. ๐˜ผ๐™ฃ ๐™š๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™—๐™ค๐™œ๐™ช๐™จ 30 ๐™™๐™–๐™ฎ ๐™ง๐™š๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™ง๐™ž๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ ๐™›๐™ง๐™ค๐™ข ๐™ฅ๐™๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™š ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™š๐™ข๐™–๐™ž๐™ก.   


2. ๐˜ผ๐™ฃ ๐™š๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™—๐™ค๐™œ๐™ช๐™จ 30 ๐™™๐™–๐™ฎ ๐™ง๐™š๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™ง๐™ž๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ ๐™›๐™ง๐™ค๐™ข ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ข๐™ข๐™ž๐™จ๐™จ๐™–๐™ง๐™ฎ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™–๐™ฉ ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™š๐™ซ๐™š๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™จ ๐™๐™–๐™จ๐™๐™ž๐™™ ๐™›๐™ง๐™ค๐™ข ๐™ค๐™ง๐™™๐™š๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™š๐™ง๐™ฎ ๐™ฌ๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ ๐™ฌ๐™๐™ž๐™˜๐™ ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™ฌ๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™š.


3. ๐™๐™๐™š ๐™ž๐™ข๐™ข๐™š๐™™๐™ž๐™–๐™ฉ๐™š ๐™ง๐™š๐™ฉ๐™ช๐™ง๐™ฃ ๐™ค๐™› ๐˜ผ๐™‡๐™‡ ๐™ค๐™› ๐™๐™ž๐™จ ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™ค๐™ฅ๐™š๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™ฎ ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™˜๐™ก๐™ช๐™™๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š $400 ๐™ฉ๐™๐™–๐™ฉ ๐™ฌ๐™–๐™จ ๐™ค๐™ฃ ๐™๐™ž๐™จ ๐™ฉ๐™ง๐™ช๐™จ๐™ฉ ๐™–๐™˜๐™˜๐™ค๐™ช๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š๐™ง๐™š ๐™–๐™ฉ ๐™’๐™‘๐˜พ๐™ ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™๐™ž๐™จ ๐™ก๐™š๐™œ๐™–๐™ก ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™ค๐™ฅ๐™š๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™ฎ ๐™ฌ๐™๐™ž๐™˜๐™ ๐™ฌ๐™ž๐™ก๐™ก ๐™š๐™ฃ๐™–๐™—๐™ก๐™š ๐™๐™ž๐™ข ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™ช๐™š ๐™ฌ๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ ๐™๐™ž๐™จ ๐™˜๐™–๐™จ๐™š ๐™–๐™œ๐™–๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™จ๐™ฉ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™„๐™‰๐˜ฟ๐™š๐™ฅ๐™–๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™ข๐™š๐™ฃ๐™ฉ ๐™ค๐™› ๐˜พ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™จ๐™„๐™› ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š๐™ฎ ๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ก๐™ก ๐™ฎ๐™ค๐™ช ๐™ฉ๐™๐™–๐™ฉ ๐™๐™ž๐™จ ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™ค๐™ฅ๐™š๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™ฎ ๐™๐™–๐™จ ๐™–๐™ก๐™ง๐™š๐™–๐™™๐™ฎ ๐™—๐™š๐™š๐™ฃ ๐™จ๐™š๐™ฃ๐™ฉ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š๐™ฃ ๐™ฌ๐™š ๐™ฃ๐™š๐™š๐™™ ๐™ฉ๐™ค๐™ ๐™ฃ๐™ค๐™ฌ ๐™ค๐™ฃ ๐™ฌ๐™๐™–๐™ฉ ๐™™๐™–๐™ฉ๐™š ๐™ž๐™ฉ ๐™ฌ๐™–๐™จ ๐™จ๐™๐™ž๐™ฅ๐™ฅ๐™š๐™™ ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™ฌ๐™๐™–๐™ฉ ๐™›๐™–๐™˜๐™ž๐™ก๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ฎ ๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™š๐™ž๐™ซ๐™š๐™™ ๐™ž๐™ฉ.


๐™๐™๐™–๐™ฃ๐™  ๐™ฎ๐™ค๐™ช ๐™–๐™ก๐™ก ๐™จ๐™ค ๐™ข๐™ช๐™˜๐™ ๐™›๐™ค๐™ง ๐™ฎ๐™ค๐™ช๐™ง ๐™จ๐™ค๐™ก๐™ž๐™™๐™–๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ฎ ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™จ๐™ช๐™ฅ๐™ฅ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ฉ.  ๐™„ ๐™–๐™ฅ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ž๐™–๐™ฉ๐™š ๐™–๐™ก๐™ก ๐™ค๐™› ๐™ฎ๐™ค๐™ช๐™’๐™š ๐™–๐™ง๐™š ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™Š๐™‰๐™‡๐™”๐™ก๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™š ๐™ค๐™› ๐™™๐™š๐™›๐™š๐™ฃ๐™จ๐™š ๐™›๐™ค๐™ง ๐™ค๐™ช๐™ง ๐™ž๐™ข๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™ž๐™จ๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™š๐™™ ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ข๐™ง๐™–๐™™๐™š๐™จ.   


๐˜ผ๐™ฃ๐™ฃ๐™š๐™ฉ๐™ฉ๐™š ๐˜พ๐™๐™–๐™ข๐™—๐™š๐™ง๐™จ-๐™Ž๐™ข๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™๐˜ฟ๐™ž๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ค๐™ง ๐™ค๐™› ๐™Š๐™๐™ž๐™ค ๐˜ฟ๐™š๐™ฅ๐™–๐™ง๐™ฉ ๐™ค๐™› ๐™๐™š๐™๐™–๐™—๐™ž๐™ก๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐˜พ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™จ ๐™ฅ๐™ก๐™š๐™–๐™จ๐™š๐™˜๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ˆ๐™š๐™ก๐™ž๐™จ๐™จ๐™– ๐˜ผ๐™™๐™ ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™จ (๐™€๐™ญ๐™š๐™˜๐™ช๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ซ๐™š ๐˜ผ๐™จ๐™จ๐™ž๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™ซ๐™ž๐™– ๐™š๐™ข๐™–๐™ž๐™ก๐™ข๐™š๐™ก๐™ž๐™จ๐™จ๐™–.๐™–๐™™๐™ ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™จ@๐™ค๐™™๐™ง๐™˜.๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™š.๐™ค๐™.๐™ช๐™จ ๐™ค 614-752-1153.


๐™๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™–๐™ก๐™™ ๐™€๐™ง๐™™๐™ค๐™จ๐™Ž๐™ค๐™ช๐™ฉ๐™๐™š๐™ง๐™ฃ ๐™Š๐™๐™ž๐™ค ๐˜พ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™–๐™ก ๐™๐™–๐™˜๐™ž๐™ก๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ฎ๐™’๐™–๐™ง๐™™๐™š๐™ฃ (๐™‡๐™ช๐™˜๐™–๐™จ๐™ซ๐™ž๐™ก๐™ก๐™š) (740)259-5544 ๐™™๐™ง๐™˜.๐™จ๐™ค๐™˜๐™›@๐™ค๐™™๐™ง๐™˜.๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™š.๐™ค๐™๐™ž๐™ค.๐™ช๐™จ  


*๐™…๐™ค๐™จ๐™š๐™ฅ๐™ ๐™’๐™–๐™ก๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ง๐™จ๐˜ฟ๐™š๐™ฅ๐˜ฟ๐™ž๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ค๐™ง ๐™‘๐™ž๐™ง๐™œ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™ž๐™– ๐˜ฟ๐™š๐™ฅ๐™–๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™ข๐™š๐™ฃ๐™ฉ ๐™Š๐™› ๐˜พ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™จ๐™Ÿ๐™ค๐™จ๐™š๐™ฅ๐™.๐™ฌ๐™–๐™ก๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ง๐™จ@๐™ซ๐™–๐™™๐™ค๐™˜.๐™ซ๐™ž๐™ง๐™œ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™ž๐™–.๐™œ๐™ค๐™ซ (๐™‹๐™ง๐™ค๐™ญ๐™ฎ ๐™›๐™ค๐™ง ๐™ƒ๐™–๐™ง๐™ค๐™ก๐™™ ๐™’๐˜พ๐™ก๐™–๐™ง๐™ ๐™š๐˜ฟ๐™ž๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ค๐™ง ๐™ค๐™› ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐˜ฟ๐™š๐™ฅ๐™–๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™ข๐™š๐™ฃ๐™ฉ ๐™ค๐™›๐˜พ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™จ) (804)887-7982


*๐™…๐™–๐™ข๐™š๐™จ ๐™‹๐™–๐™ง๐™ ๐™„๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ง๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™š ๐˜พ๐™ค๐™ข๐™ฅ๐™–๐™˜๐™ฉ ๐˜ผ๐™™๐™ข๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™ž๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™ง๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ค๐™ง ๐™…๐™–๐™ข๐™š๐™จ.๐™ฅ๐™–๐™ง๐™ @๐™ซ๐™–๐™™๐™ค๐™˜.๐™ซ๐™ž๐™ง๐™œ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™ž๐™–.๐™œ๐™ค๐™ซ


๐˜พ๐™๐™–๐™ง๐™ก๐™š๐™ฃ๐™š ๐˜ฝ๐™ช๐™ง๐™ ๐™š๐™ฉ๐™ฉ๐˜ฟ๐™ž๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ค๐™ง ๐˜ฟ๐™Š๐˜พ ๐™Š๐™ข๐™—๐™ช๐™™๐™จ๐™ข๐™–๐™ฃ ๐˜ฝ๐™ช๐™ง๐™š๐™–๐™ช (๐™„๐™ฃ๐™™๐™ž๐™–๐™ฃ๐™–) (317) 234-3190 ๐™Š๐™ข๐™—๐™ช๐™™@๐™ž๐™™๐™ค๐™–.๐™ž๐™ฃ.๐™œ๐™ค๐™ซ  ๐™๐™ž๐™˜๐™๐™–๐™ง๐™™ ๐˜ฝ๐™ง๐™ค๐™ฌ๐™ฃ๐™’๐™–๐™ง๐™™๐™š๐™ฃ ๐™’๐™–๐™—๐™–๐™จ๐™ ๐™‘๐™–๐™ก๐™ก๐™š๐™ฎ ๐˜พ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™–๐™ก ๐™๐™–๐™˜๐™ž๐™ก๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ฎ๐™„๐™ฃ๐™™๐™ž๐™–๐™ฃ๐™– (812) 398-5050


๐™๐™ž๐™˜๐™๐™–๐™ง๐™™ ๐˜ฝ๐™ง๐™ค๐™ฌ๐™ฃ๐™’๐™–๐™ง๐™™๐™š๐™ฃ ๐™’๐™–๐™—๐™–๐™จ๐™ ๐™‘๐™–๐™ก๐™ก๐™š๐™ฎ ๐˜พ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ง๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™–๐™ก ๐™๐™–๐™˜๐™ž๐™ก๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ฎ๐™„๐™ฃ๐™™๐™ž๐™–๐™ฃ๐™– (812) 398-5050  


*๐™˜๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™˜๐™ฉ ๐™‘๐™ž๐™ง๐™œ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™– ๐˜ฟ๐™Š๐˜พ ๐™–๐™ช๐™ฉ๐™๐™ค๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™š๐™จ ๐™—๐™š๐™˜๐™–๐™ช๐™จ๐™š ๐™‘๐˜ผ ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™ž๐™จ๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™š๐™ง๐™จ ๐™ฉ๐™ง๐™–๐™ฃ๐™จ๐™›๐™š๐™ง๐™ง๐™š๐™™ ๐™ค๐™ฃ ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ง-๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ฉ๐™š ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ข๐™ฅ๐™–๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™จ ๐™–๐™ง๐™š ๐™จ๐™ช๐™ฅ๐™ฅ๐™ค๐™จ๐™š๐™™ ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™๐™–๐™ซ๐™š ๐™–๐™ก๐™ก ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™ง๐™ž๐™œ๐™๐™ฉ๐™จ ๐™ค๐™› ๐™‘๐˜ผ ๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™ž๐™จ๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™š๐™ง๐™จ๐™๐™–๐™จ๐™๐™ž๐™™ ๐™ฌ๐™–๐™จ ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ž๐™œ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™–๐™ก๐™ก๐™ฎ ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™˜๐™–๐™ง๐™˜๐™š๐™ง๐™–๐™ฉ๐™š๐™™ ๐™ž๐™ฃ ๐™‘๐˜ผ ๐™—๐™š๐™›๐™ค๐™ง๐™š ๐™ฉ๐™ง๐™–๐™ฃ๐™จ๐™›๐™š๐™ง๐™จ ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™Š๐™ง๐™š๐™œ๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™๐™š๐™ญ๐™–๐™จ๐™๐™ก๐™ค๐™ง๐™ž๐™™๐™–๐™„๐™ฃ๐™™๐™ž๐™–๐™ฃ๐™–๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™ฃ๐™ค๐™ฌ ๐™Š๐™๐™ž๐™ค.


Our mailing address is:

Kevin Johnson

D.O.C. #A787991

P.O. Box 45699

Lucasville, OH  45699



Freedom for Major Tillery! End his Life Imprisonment!

Major Tillery and his family have set up a new Change.org petition to submit to the Board of Pardons in support his petition to commutation of his sentence to parole while maintaining his legal fight for exoneration and overturning of his conviction.
Major's commutation petition focuses on both his factual innocence as well as his decades of advocacy for other prisoners while serving almost 40 years as a lifer, over 20 of those years in solitary.

Please circulate and support the petition:





Great news for Kevin Cooper, an innocent man 

on San Quentin's death row:




Contact: Governor's Press Office


Friday, May 28, 2021


(916) 445-4571


Governor Newsom Announces Clemency Actions, Signs Executive Order for Independent Investigation of Kevin Cooper Case

SACRAMENTO – Governor Gavin Newsom today announced that he has granted 14 pardons, 13 commutations and 8 medical reprieves. In addition, the Governor signed an executive order to launch an independent investigation of death row inmate Kevin Cooper’s case as part of the evaluation of Cooper’s application for clemency.

The investigation will review trial and appellate records in the case, the facts underlying the conviction and all available evidence, including the results of the recently conducted DNA tests previously ordered by the Governor to examine additional evidence in the case using the latest, most scientifically reliable forensic testing.

The text of the Governor’s executive order can be found here:


The California Constitution gives the Governor the authority to grant executive clemency in the form of a pardon, commutation or reprieve. These clemency grants recognize the applicants’ subsequent efforts in self-development or the existence of a medical exigency. They do not forgive or minimize the harm caused.

The Governor regards clemency as an important part of the criminal justice system that can incentivize accountability and rehabilitation, increase public safety by removing counterproductive barriers to successful reentry, correct unjust results in the legal system and address the health needs of incarcerated people with high medical risks.

A pardon may remove counterproductive barriers to employment and public service, restore civic rights and responsibilities and prevent unjust collateral consequences of conviction, such as deportation and permanent family separation. A pardon does not expunge or erase a conviction.


A commutation modifies a sentence, making an incarcerated person eligible for an earlier release or allowing them to go before the Board of Parole Hearings for a hearing at which Parole Commissioners determine whether the individual is suitable for release.

A reprieve allows individuals classified by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation as high medical risk to serve their sentences in appropriate alternative placements in the community consistent with public health and public safety.

The Governor weighs numerous factors in his review of clemency applications, including an applicant’s self-development and conduct since the offense, whether the grant is consistent with public safety and in the interest of justice, and the impact of a grant on the community, including crime victims and survivors.

While in office, Governor Newsom has granted a total of 86 pardons, 92 commutations and 28 reprieves.

The Governor’s Office encourages victims, survivors, and witnesses to register with CDCR’s Office of Victims and Survivors Rights and Services to receive information about an incarcerated person’s status. For general Information about victim services, to learn about victim-offender dialogues, or to register or update a registration confidentially, please visit:

 www.cdcr.ca.gov/Victim_Services/ or call 1-877-256-6877 (toll free).

Copies of the gubernatorial clemency certificates announced today can be found here:


Additional information on executive clemency can be found here:





"The State of Mumia" May 12, 2021

I don’t usually do this. This is discussing my self. I find it far more interesting to tell the stories of other, the revolving globe on which we dwell and the stories spawn by the fragile human condition and the struggles of humanity for liberation.

But I digress, uncomfortably.

This commentary is about the commentator.

Several weeks ago I underwent a medical procedure known as open heart surgery, a double bypass after it was learned that two vessels beating through my heart has significant blockages that impaired heart function.

This impairment was fixed by extremely well trained and young cardiologist who had extensive experience in this intricate surgical procedure.

I tell you I had no clue whatsoever that I suffered from such disease. Now to be perfectly honest, I feel fine.

Indeed, I feel more energetic than usual!

I thank you all, my family and friends, for your love and support.

Onwards to freedom with all my heart.

—Mumia Abu-Jamal

Demand Mumia's Freedom:

Governor Tom Wolf -1(717) 787-2500  Fax 1 (717) 772-8284
Office of the Governor
508 Main Capitol Building
HarrisburgPA  17120    
After calling the governor, send an online communication about our concerns.   https://www.governor.pa.gov/contact/#PhoneNumber
Let us know what there response was, Thank you.  Mobilization4Mumia@gmail.com


Questions and comments may be sent to: info@freedomarchives.org



This beautiful and powerful exhibit is ongoing 

and can be viewed online at:



A Plea for the Compassionate Release of 

Leonard Peltier

Video at:


Screen shot from video.




Resources for Resisting Federal Repression

Since June of 2020, activists have been subjected to an increasingly aggressive crackdown on protests by federal law enforcement. The federal response to the movement for Black Lives has included federal criminal charges for activists, door knocks by federal law enforcement agents, and increased use of federal troops to violently police protests. 

The NLG National Office is releasing this resource page for activists who are resisting federal repression. It includes a link to our emergency hotline numbers, as well as our library of Know-Your-Rights materials, our recent federal repression webinar, and a list of some of our recommended resources for activists. We will continue to update this page. 

Please visit the NLG Mass Defense Program page for general protest-related legal support hotlines run by NLG chapters.

Emergency Hotlines

If you are contacted by federal law enforcement you should exercise all of your rights. It is always advisable to speak to an attorney before responding to federal authorities. 

State and Local Hotlines

If you have been contacted by the FBI or other federal law enforcement, in one of the following areas, you may be able to get help or information from one of these local NLG hotlines for: 

National Hotline

If you are located in an area with no hotline, you can call the following number:

Know Your Rights Materials

The NLG maintains a library of basic Know-Your-Rights guides. 

WEBINAR: Federal Repression of Activists & Their Lawyers: Legal & Ethical Strategies to Defend Our Movements: presented by NLG-NYC and NLG National Office

We also recommend the following resources: 

Center for Constitutional Rights

Civil Liberties Defense Center

Grand Jury Resistance Project

Katya Komisaruk

Movement for Black Lives Legal Resources

Tilted Scales Collective






1) Former Louisiana Trooper Faces Federal Civil Rights Charge

Body-camera footage shows the ex-trooper, Jacob Brown, repeatedly pummeling a Black man, Aaron Larry Bowman, with a flashlight during a traffic stop in 2019.

By Derrick Bryson Taylor, Sept. 24, 2021

"The A.P., citing State Police records, reported that Mr. Brown, who is white, had been involved in 23 instances that involved use of force, dating to 2015 — 19 of them targeting Black people."


If convicted, Jacob Brown faces up to 10 years in prison, three years of supervised release and a fine of up to $250,000.
If convicted, Jacob Brown faces up to 10 years in prison, three years of supervised release and a fine of up to $250,000. Credit...Ouachita Parish Sheriff's Office, via Associated Press

A federal grand jury indicted a former Louisiana state trooper on Thursday on a federal civil rights violation, finding that he repeatedly clubbed a Black man with a flashlight during a traffic stop that was recorded by his body camera.


The former trooper, Jacob Brown, 31, was charged with one count of deprivation of rights under color of law, the U.S. attorney’s office for the Western District of Louisiana said in a news release. If convicted, he faces up to 10 years in prison, three years of supervised release and a fine of up to $250,000.


The indictment comes after the body-camera footage surfaced last month showing Mr. Brown striking Aaron Larry Bowman about 18 times in the head and chest with a flashlight while Mr. Bowman was pinned to the ground after a traffic stop in May 2019.


Mr. Brown later told investigators that he had used a flashlight as a baton as part of what he called “pain compliance,” according to an affidavit. Federal prosecutors described the flashlight as having a metal tactical cap designed for breaking glass.


As a result of the beating, Mr. Bowman sustained a broken jaw, three fractured ribs, a broken wrist and a gash to his head that required six staples to close, according to a lawyer who is representing him in a civil rights lawsuit filed last year in Louisiana against the State Police.


Mr. Brown, of Rayville, La., was arrested in February on charges of aggravated second-degree battery and malfeasance in office in connection with the assault. He resigned a month later. He also faces criminal charges in two unrelated excessive-force cases.


Ronald S. Haley, one of two lawyers representing Mr. Bowman, said in a statement on Friday that the indictment was a “step in the right direction for accountability and justice.”


“This indictment is an unequivocal message to the state of Louisiana: If the state will not seek justice for police brutality, we will ensure that the U.S. Department of Justice achieves it,” Mr. Haley said.


A lawyer representing Mr. Brown did not immediately respond to requests for comment on Friday.


In the body-camera video that was obtained and published by The Associated Press, Mr. Bowman can be heard pleading with law enforcement officers in Monroe, La. “I’m not resisting,” he yells between blows. “I’m not resisting.” He was later taken to a hospital.


Mr. Bowman, now 46, was charged with resisting a police officer with force or violence, battery of a police officer, flight from an officer and improper lane use. He pleaded not guilty.


An offense report filed with the Ouachita Parish Sheriff’s Office said that Mr. Bowman had ignored the lights and sirens of a deputy who tried to pull him over after the S.U.V. Mr. Bowman was driving crossed the centerline of a road. The deputy said that Mr. Bowman had struck him on the head with a closed fist and had struggled with him after telling officers that he had been afraid to pull over and wanted to park the vehicle at his home in case he went to jail.


A Louisiana State Police spokeswoman said last month that an investigation had determined that Mr. Brown’s body-camera footage had been “intentionally mislabeled.”


The A.P., citing State Police records, reported that Mr. Brown, who is white, had been involved in 23 instances that involved use of force, dating to 2015 — 19 of them targeting Black people.


Just weeks before the violent encounter with Mr. Bowman, Louisiana State Police troopers assigned to Troop F in Monroe had dragged, beaten and used a stun gun on another Black man, Ronald Greene. The encounter with Mr. Greene, who died as he was being taken to a hospital, was also captured in body-camera footage.


The State Police initially told Mr. Greene’s relatives that he had died from injuries sustained in a car crash after a high-speed chase, making no mention of the use of force by troopers.


Mr. Brown is among four troopers assigned to Troop F who were arrested earlier this year on charges that they used excessive force and deactivated their body cameras during arrests.


The U.S. attorney’s office said on Thursday that it had ongoing criminal investigations into encounters involving Louisiana state troopers that resulted in death or bodily injury.



2) This Is How America’s Richest Families Stay That Way

By Robin Kaiser-Schatzlein, Sept. 24, 2021

Mr. Kaiser-Schatzlein, a journalist, has written extensively about work, business and economic policy.

"According to a new report by the Institute for Policy Studies, the 27 richest American dynastic families have seen their wealth grow by a combined 1,007 percent since 1983, while the typical family has seen its wealth increase only by 93 percent over nearly the same period. This divergence has only become more pronounced with the onset of the pandemic: Since March 2020, the median growth in the net worth of the top 10 families was 25 percent."



By Erik Carter

Most people have probably never heard of a “stepped up basis,” but it might just be the most important tax loophole in America — one that billionaires use to pass vast sums of wealth down to their heirs by avoiding capital gains taxes.


This supremely obscure and yet wildly consequential rule concerns assets passed from one person to another when they die. If a parent buys a stock for $1 and leaves it to their child (or for that matter, anyone) in their will, the tax code changes — or “steps up” — its base value, from the original price to whatever it was worth when the person died. Say that stock was worth $100 when the person died. If the child sells it later for, say, $150, the child would owe taxes only on the $50 upside, instead of the entire $149 profit the family made off the stock over the course of two generations. In April, former Senator Heidi Heitkamp of North Dakota called it “one of the biggest scams in the history of forever.”


For a select few families with vast fortunes amassed over many generations, it means that they can pass down millions or billions of dollars in stock, investments or real estate without having to pay income or capital gains taxes on many decades, or possibly a century or more, of gains. The windfall grows each time the money is transferred, endowing those families with disproportionate power for generations to come.


And for the first time in years, there’s a chance that the loophole could be reformed.


But while President Biden wants to overhaul “stepped up basis” to help finance his ambitious social spending plan, some members of his own party have joined up with Republicans and lobbyists for the wealthiest American families to fight tooth and nail to keep it on the books. The House Ways and Means Committee pointedly left the reform of “stepped up basis” out of the tax plan it released earlier this month. But the reconciliation process is far from over. The reform could be introduced into the bill before it reaches the House floor. The stakes are high, because what’s on the line is nothing less than who we are as a country. If the rule’s supporters are successful, they will lock in a system that has created extreme wealth and that hands enormous political power to just a few families.


According to a new report by the Institute for Policy Studies, the 27 richest American dynastic families have seen their wealth grow by a combined 1,007 percent since 1983, while the typical family has seen its wealth increase only by 93 percent over nearly the same period. This divergence has only become more pronounced with the onset of the pandemic: Since March 2020, the median growth in the net worth of the top 10 families was 25 percent.


The divergence isn’t just the natural product of the free market. It’s the result of fastidious lobbying that creates powerful dynasties with the cash to create a skewed debate.


One effective strategy lobbyists have used, said the Columbia Law School professor Michael Graetz, is to make farmers, rather than wealthy families, the face of the fight. Former Senator Max Baucus, a Democrat from Montana, made this case in a recent column in The Wall Street Journal, claiming that reforming the loophole would “destroy farms and ranches” by saddling their owners with crushing taxes.


This argument is profoundly misleading. If Congress agrees to reform the loophole, it could easily make sure any farm that stays within a family can defer these taxes indefinitely. And farms are not the main group affected by the loophole anyway. According to IRS data, most of the wealth transferred at death is not assets like farms, but portfolio wealth — stocks, bonds and other investments.


But that hasn’t stopped at least one Democrat who once saw the wisdom of reforming the loophole from apparently turning heel. In the five months since she called the “stepped up basis” loophole a scam, Ms. Heitkamp has become one of the leading voices lobbying to keep it on the books, through a new nonprofit she chairs called Save America’s Family Enterprise. (Ms. Heitkamp has said that she objects to the way in which Mr. Biden is proposing to reform the loophole, but would favor a different solution.)


To some extent, the name of her organization is apt, but the family enterprises the group is working to save could have familiar last names like Walton, DuPont and Koch. Others are less well known, like the intensely secretive and politically active Mars family, owners of Mars Inc., a company known for candy, prepared rice and pet food that was founded in 1911. Family members keep a low profile (few pictures of the family exist — the patriarch Forrest Mars Sr. once threw a napkin over his head to avoid a photographer), but they’ve spent millions to eliminate the estate tax over the years. The Mars family has not publicly come out against Mr. Biden’s proposed “stepped up basis” reform, but in 2020 alone, they devoted $720,000 to “issues related to estate and gift tax reform,” according to the Institute for Policy Studies.


There’s a lot at stake. Since 1983, the family’s fortune has grown 3,517 percent.


Their descendants — and the children of today’s oligarchs, like Jeff Bezos and Elon Musk — stand to inherit unthinkable sums of money, further concentrating wealth and political power away from the rest of society, including small businesses and farmers. Stepped up basis could shield billions of dollars in inherited wealth. Bob Lord, tax counsel for Americans for Tax Fairness, estimates Mr. Bezos’s heirs could avoid up to $300 billion in income tax liability if he leaves them $1 trillion in Amazon stock. Wealth easily buys political power. The longer we fail to constrain inherited wealth, the sooner the dream of a democratic society dies.


But there are clear solutions. Eric Kades, a professor at William and Mary Law School, suggested that Mr. Biden can reverse the expansion of hereditary wealth and power, not only by throwing his full weight behind a push to strong-arm the House into including the reform of “stepped up basis” in the final bill, but also by increasing IRS enforcement and cracking down on dynastic trusts by ensuring that all trusts are dissolved after the children of the trust’s creator die, preventing the exponential growth of wealth over generations. He calls it a federal “rule against perpetuities.” Mr. Kades said these rules emerged centuries ago in England when judges noticed that inherited wealth was getting out of hand. In England, those laws are still on the books. But in America, rules against perpetuities have effectively disappeared. It’s a bizarre twist in history. “Today,” Mr. Kades said, “we’re a more feudal society than the British.”



3) Long Hours, Low Pay, Loneliness and a Booming Industry

The ranks of home health aides are expected to grow more than any other job in the next decade. What kind of work are they being asked to do?

By Liz Donovan and Muriel Alarcรณn, Sept. 25, 2021

Dany St. Laurent with a photo of her mother, Yvette Dessin, a longtime home health aide who died in April 2020 from Covid-19.
Dany St. Laurent with a photo of her mother, Yvette Dessin, a longtime home health aide who died in April 2020 from Covid-19. Credit...Muriel Alarcรณn

For 15 years, Yvette Dessin spent long work days with her elderly patients, accompanying them on walks, cooking them meals and bathing those who needed that most intimate kind of care. If a patient died, Ms. Dessin and her adult daughter attended the funeral services to pay their respects.


Ms. Dessin worked up to 60 hours a week as a home health aide, her daughter said, making minimum wage. She often worried about being able to pay the mortgage on her Queens home. She was one of roughly 2.4 million home care workers in the United States — most of them low-income women of color and many of them immigrants — who assist elderly or disabled patients in private residences or group homes.


The industry is in the midst of enormous growth. By 2030, 21 percent of the American population will be at the retirement age, up from 15 percent in 2014, and older adults have long been moving away from institutionalized care. In a 2018 AARP survey, 76 percent of those ages 50 and older said they preferred to remain in their current residence as they age. In 2019, national spending on home health care reached a high of $113.5 billion, a 40 percent increase from 2013, according to the most recent data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.


The ranks of home care aides are expected to grow by more than those of any other job in the next decade, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It’s also among the lowest paying occupations on the list.


Nearly one in five aides lives below the poverty line. In six states, the average hourly wage for home care aides is less than $11, and nationally, the median pay has increased just $1.75 an hour over the last decade, when adjusted for inflation.


Much of the aides’ low wages are paid for with taxpayer dollars — about two-thirds of home care revenue is through public programs, primarily Medicaid, according to the nonprofit PHI, which monitors the eldercare work force. The state and the federal government — and sometimes the local municipality — split the cost of Medicaid, which makes for varying rules from state to state, including on what services home health aides can provide.


The pandemic only made things worse, exposing the vulnerability of not only the elderly and infirm but also of those who care for them. As Covid-19 spread across the country, many families turned to home health care as an alternative to nursing homes, which had become hot spots for the virus. Shortages of personal protective equipment made the work risky.


In conversations with more than 50 home health aides around the country, many workers described unpaid or late-paid wages, unaffordable benefits and chronic injuries. In New York City, home health workers qualify for sick leave, but many people interviewed said they were unaware of that or did not feel as though they were truly permitted to take time off. Nationwide, accounts from home health aides painted a picture of a rapidly expanding work force that operates under extreme stress and often in isolation, in a lightly regulated field.


For some, like Ms. Dessin, those conditions amid a pandemic proved fatal. She was at high-risk because of her age and pre-existing conditions and became one of at least 275 aides at her company who contracted the virus, according to her union. Her company said she was one of seven of its employees to die from Covid-19.


Ms. Dessin’s daughter, Dany St. Laurent, believes that her mother felt trapped during the pandemic.


“Her work came before everything,” she said. “Including herself.”


Private work, public regulation


Americare, Ms. Dessin’s employer, is one of about 1,500 home health care providers in New York State, and among the city’s largest, with more than 5,000 employees and about as many patients in the five boroughs and surrounding counties.


The private nature of the work makes oversight of home care agencies challenging, even when regulators try to step in.


In 2018, an investigation by the New York City Department of Consumer and Worker Protection found that Americare was among more than 30 home care agencies that had failed to follow paid sick leave regulations. It determined that Americare’s sick time policies violated city law and noted that the company had a “history of noncompliance with labor laws.” The company was ordered to change its policies, notify employees of their rights and train managers on complying with city sick leave law.


The company is also the subject of a lawsuit by workers claiming a systemic, longstanding underpayment of wages going back to 2005. In court documents, Americare denied the accusations. Oral arguments regarding the workers’ motion for the case to proceed as a class action are scheduled to begin later this year.


Americare was investigated twice by the attorney general’s office for Medicaid compliance issues — in 2005 for improper billing and in 2008 for failing to detect workers with falsified training certificates. The investigations resulted in a total of $15 million in reimbursements.


In an interview, an Americare representative said that Medicaid audit settlements were common in the industry.


In a written response, Bridget Gallagher, Americare’s vice president, said the company offers 21 days of paid time off and “shared this benefit information with their union.” Americare, she added, is dedicated to providing quality home care, citing its high patient care rating from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Over the past decade, Americare has received an average of $2.4 billion in annual payments from Medicare and Medicaid, according to data obtained through a records request.


There are an estimated 65,000 home care agencies across the country. Americare may have a fraught history, but it’s also a microcosm for the industry itself.


It has proved difficult for regulators to monitor such a rapidly growing work force. An official with the federal Department of Labor said it was partly a problem of its staffing, given all the industries the agency is charged with overseeing.


“We’ve always understood that our resources will never be enough to take on all the employers that are out there,” he said.


‘Doing what she loved’


When Ms. Dessin moved to New York from Haiti in the mid-1980s, she realized that the unpaid caregiving work she had been doing in her home country was a marketable skill.


Speaking nine months after her mother’s death, Ms. St. Laurent described how life in New York looks from Haiti — “as if money grows on trees,” she told us last winter. “From what they’ve seen on the internet, you could just go in the garden and pick up $100.”


For almost two decades, Ms. Dessin ran a day care center out of her apartment. In 2005, at 50 years old, she decided to pursue a home health aide certification. When she completed the training program that fall, she had her certificate framed.


This lure of education and financial independence also drew Helen Monah, a Guyanese immigrant who moved to New York City in 2018 and began home health care training. She texted her daughter, Rubena Durbin, photos of her progress — a stack of open textbooks and pictures of herself in glasses and scrubs. In December, she was hired by Americare.


“She was so happy to be working in that environment doing what she loved,” Ms. Durbin said.


The work itself was onerous. Apart from regular patient care, Americare home health aides are also required to provide “light housekeeping,” including washing toilets, dusting and removing garbage, according to an employee handbook obtained during the city’s 2018 investigation.


It also puts aides in close contact with their clients. They often have to lift and lower their patients, with their bodies pressed together and faces inches apart.


An executive of Americare acknowledged that in the early pandemic, personal protective equipment was in short supply, so the company gave priority to workers assigned to high-risk patients. The executive said that the company distributed information in multiple languages on how workers could protect themselves and that workers were permitted to use paid time off as needed, adding that at one point in April 2020, as many as 250 aides were quarantining.


“Numerous Americare nurses, therapists and aides said they would not be able to work due to their own underlying conditions, family concerns or general anxiety — decisions that we’ve honored and respected,” said Ms. Gallagher, Americare’s vice president.


As of August 2021, at least 275 Americare aides had been infected with Covid-19, according to Francine Streich, a field director at United Food and Commercial Workers Local 2013, the union representing Americare workers. She noted, though, that the number is probably an undercount as the company has stopped providing numbers of cases to the union. Americare said that number was accurate as of February; it did not provide an updated number.


According to their daughters, Ms. Monah and Ms. Dessin both felt pressure to take all cases offered to them at the risk of losing their stable schedules. If workers decline three shifts in a three-month period, they are put last on the list for another case, according to a union bargaining agreement in place through March 2019. It also says, “There is no guaranteed work day, week, year or hours of work.”


“When you tell them ‘no,’” said Ms. St. Laurent, “You are going to pay for that ‘no.’ You’re going to feel that ‘no.’”


Life on a ‘live-in shift’


Working overnight makes an already isolating and demanding job even more so. Aides assigned to “live-in shifts” spend 24 hours a day at a patient’s home, sometimes for several days in a row. The aides are paid for only 13 hours of that time because they are expected to get eight hours of sleep and three hours of meal breaks, according to New York State guidelines and federal regulations.


But the aides interviewed said sleep is contradictory to the job. Dementia patients need round-the-clock attention to prevent self-injury, and many patients must be turned every few hours overnight.


Home health aides are classified as “domestic service” workers, many of whom were exempt from a set of labor protections known as the Fair Labor Standards Act until 2015, when the Department of Labor expanded its regulations. Since enforcement of those new regulations began, back wages tied to violations of the Fair Labor Standards Act by home health care employers have topped $47 million nationally — at least $4.7 million in New York alone, the third-highest in the country after Virginia ($10.1 million) and Pennsylvania ($6.5 million), according to Department of Labor data.


In New York, labor organizers and legislators are taking aim at the 24-hour shift. In March 2019, the New York State Court of Appeals ruled that aides must be paid for all 24 hours of a live-in shift if they do not receive the breaks to which they are legally entitled — but proving it can be complicated, multiple lawyers said. It is up to the employer to find an effective method of documenting those hours and compensating the aide for them.


Roger Noyes, then spokesman of the Home Care Association of New York State, of which Americare is a member, said paying for all 24 hours would bankrupt the system without financial support from Medicaid to cover those costs.


The New York State Department of Labor has investigations underway specifically related to underpayments of regular and overtime wages for hours worked for “live-in” shifts, a department official confirmed.


Manhattan Assemblyman Harvey Epstein referred to the 13-hour rule as “government-sanctioned wage theft.”


In January, he introduced a bill that would replace the 24-hour shift with two 12-hour shifts and ban forced overtime. It is still sitting in committee.


“I don’t really know why people don’t seem to prioritize this,” Mr. Epstein said, “but I think it is because they’re mostly low-income immigrant women of color, and that’s a forgotten population.”


Working through the pandemic


As the pandemic began spreading through the city, Dany St. Laurent and Rubena Durbin both tried to persuade their mothers to quit. But their paychecks helped them achieve the financial independence both women had yearned for most of their lives.


Ms. Dessin spent March 2020 working as many hours as possible — 40 hours a week from Americare and more from another company.


Later that month, she came home from work exhausted.


“Mom, stay home, call out sick,” her daughter, Ms. St. Laurent, pleaded, as Ms. Dessin sat down to catch her breath on the couch.


But Ms. Dessin was only five months away from when she had planned to retire, and decided to keep working.


Several days later, her condition had worsened. Ms. Dessin struggled to walk and needed her daughter to wash her hair as she sat on a chair in the bathtub. She had regularly done this ritual for her elderly clients and had told her daughter she never wanted to be on the receiving end of such intimate assistance.


The next day, Ms. St. Laurent drove her mother to the hospital. She was put on a ventilator that same night. Four days later, on April 7, Ms. Dessin was gone.


Meanwhile, Ms. Monah had bought a ticket back to Guyana for her son’s wedding, her first visit in four years. After this trip, she told her daughter, maybe she’d go on a cruise. “Once she got to New York and started making her own money, she wanted to live,” said Ms. Durbin.


Ms. Durbin was concerned when her mother told her that an aide who had worked a shift before her at a patient’s house was coughing, but Ms. Monah assured her daughter that she’d cleaned the area with supplies she bought with her own money.


By April, she, too, had become ill and was treating her flulike symptoms with home remedies and over-the-counter medicines. On April 11, she began experiencing acute pain in her legs and stomach.


At the hospital, doctors diagnosed a blood clot in her stomach related to Covid-19 and recommended surgery. She sent her daughter a voice note via WhatsApp. “I’m going to make it,” she said through fits of raspy coughing. “I’m a fighter.”


But Ms. Monah never woke up, and on April 26 — three weeks after Ms. Dessin’s death — she, too, died.


Back to ‘business as usual’


On July 27, workers and advocates testified before members of three New York State Senate committees during a hearing in Albany and insisted on higher wages and better working conditions.


“We should be able to take care of our own families while providing care for other families,” said Lilieth Clacken, a 61-year-old home health aide and member of the 1199SEIU United Healthcare Workers East union. “The work is undervalued and underpaid.”


Ms. Clacken and others are making some headway: In March, state lawmakers introduced New York’s Fair Pay for Home Care Act, which would increase the minimum wage for home care aides, though it has not yet moved to a floor vote.


And last spring, President Joe Biden introduced a $400 billion proposal to increase these workers’ wages and improve overall access to long-term care; the amount of funding is still being negotiated in Congress.


Americare now has a training video on its website showing how to wear personal protective equipment. It also encourages workers to get a Covid-19 vaccination at the company’s office.


Ms. St. Laurent wishes her mother had been given more information about the virus. “They’re not just old people taking care of old people,” she said. “They’re just as important.”


Last fall, the same month that Ms. Dessin had planned to retire, she and Ms. Monah instead were acknowledged together in a makeshift memorial tacked on the wall in Americare’s Brooklyn office. In a photo of the memorial posted on the company’s website, seven identical paper posters feature the same stock image of a sunset over water, a company logo, and the name of a worker who died from Covid-19.


The company, the post on its website read, is now back to “business as usual.”



4) With Abortion Largely Banned in Texas, an Oklahoma Clinic Is Inundated

The new law prohibits abortions after about six weeks, a very early stage of pregnancy. Many women are now traveling out of state for the procedure.

By Sabrina Tavernise, Sept. 26, 2021

“Marva Sadler, senior director of clinic services at Whole Woman’s Health, which operates four clinics in Texas, said she believed that many patients were not able to arrange childcare or take time off work without losing their jobs to travel to other states. ‘I think a majority of women are being sentenced to being parents,’ she said.”

Jennifer Reince, the patient care coordinator at the Trust Women clinic in Oklahoma City, spoke with a woman in Texas who was seeking an abortion.
Jennifer Reince, the patient care coordinator at the Trust Women clinic in Oklahoma City, spoke with a woman in Texas who was seeking an abortion. Credit...Nick Oxford for The New York Times

OKLAHOMA CITY — On a windy Tuesday morning, the parking lot outside a small brick building on the Southside of Oklahoma City was filling up fast. The first to arrive, a red truck shortly before 8 a.m., was from Texas. So was the second and the third.


The building houses one of Oklahoma’s four abortion clinics, and at least two-thirds of its scheduled patients now come from Texas. So many, in fact, that it is trying to hire more staff members and doctors to keep up. The increase is the result of a new law in Texas banning abortions after about six weeks, a very early stage of pregnancy. As soon as the measure took effect this month, Texans started traveling elsewhere, and Oklahoma, close to Dallas, has become a major destination.


“We had every line lit up for eight hours straight,” said Jennifer Reince, who works the front desk phones at the clinic, Trust Women Oklahoma City, describing the first week the measure was in force.


The effects of the new law have been profound: Texans with unwanted pregnancies have been forced to make decisions quickly, and some have opted to travel long distances for abortions. As clinics in surrounding states fill up, appointments are being scheduled for later dates, making the procedures more costly. Other women are having to carry their pregnancies to term.


Marva Sadler, senior director of clinic services at Whole Woman’s Health, which operates four clinics in Texas, said she believed that many patients were not able to arrange child care or take time off work without losing their jobs to travel to other states.


“I think a majority of women are being sentenced to being parents,” she said.


The law is the latest in a string of successes by the anti-abortion movement, which for years has pushed for more conservative judges and control over state legislatures. Now, the Supreme Court is preparing to take up an abortion case — the first to be argued before the court with all three of former President Donald J. Trump’s conservative appointees — that has the potential to remove federal protection for abortion altogether.


In Texas, the new state law has effectively accomplished that, at least for now.


Samerah was just five weeks pregnant when she lay on an examining table in Houston to get an ultrasound. It was Aug. 31, the day before the law went into effect. She had heard about it on the news and knew that it banned abortions after cardiac activity was detected. But when the doctor performed the ultrasound, there was no sound, and she was told to come back the next day for her procedure.


When she returned, and lay again in a darkened room, staring up at a set of paper dancers hanging from the ceiling, the doctor got a different result.


“He said ‘take a deep breath’ and budoom, budoom, budoom, all you hear is a heartbeat,” said Samerah, who is 22. “In that same breath, all the things I had been crossing my fingers about just came out, and I just bawled and bawled and bawled.”


She walked into the hallway, her mind racing, and saw other women there too.


“We were all just crying in the hallway like, ‘What are we going to do?’”


The answer for many women in her position has been to race to get an abortion in a different state. About half the patients at Hope Medical Group for Women in Shreveport, La., are now from Texas, up from about a fifth before the law. At Little Rock Family Planning Services, in Arkansas, Texas patients make up 19 percent of the caseload now, compared with less than 2 percent in August.


Oklahoma does not require two trips to a clinic to get an abortion in most cases, so it has been a common choice. Trust Women had 11 Texas patients in August; it has 110 so far in September. Patients come from as far away as Galveston and Corpus Christi. Some drive through the night, in time for a morning appointment. The high demand from Texas has meant that the clinic’s schedule is full for weeks. Last week, the earliest appointments were for mid-October.


Samerah, who requested that her last name not be published, arrived last Monday from Beaumont, a city near Houston, where she lives with her partner and their 2-year-old son.


The news of her pregnancy, she said, threatened the life they had built for him.


Their financial circumstances had only recently stabilized. She had gotten a customer service job. Her partner was driving a van for a medical service. They moved out of his family’s house into their own apartment. Their son has his own room. She bought new furniture: a sectional and a bed.


“This was our first time actually buying a brand-new out-of-the-box mattress, not off of Facebook or something,” she said.


She felt proud to be able to give her son attention, toys, a stable home, things she said she never had herself. But she could not afford to do that for two. “I don’t want to be that parent,” said Samerah, whose mother was a teenager when she was born. “I don’t want to bring my kid into something that I can’t afford to take care of, because they don’t deserve it. I grew up in that kind of reality. And I know what it does to people.”


Samerah said she had gotten an abortion once before, the year after her son was born, for similar reasons. She said she made an appointment to get an IUD immediately after her procedure on Tuesday.


As states pass more abortion restrictions, it increasingly is poor women who must grapple with their effects. Half of American women who got an abortion in 2014 lived in poverty, double the share from 1994, when about a quarter of the women who had abortions were low-income, according to the Guttmacher Institute, a research group that supports abortion rights. Theories for why include demographic change, increased funding for abortions for low-income women, and higher-income women having more access to highly effective contraception.


The longer women have to wait, the more expensive their procedures become. Abortions at Trust Women range in cost from $650 for earlier stages to $2,350 for later stages. Financial assistance is also available.


Sarah, who works at a roofing company, found out she was 13 weeks pregnant on Aug. 23. But then the law went into effect, and she raced to find a clinic in another state.


“It has just been a scramble to get this taken care of, especially since I just ran out of time so quickly,” said Sarah, 21, who asked that her last name not be published to protect her privacy.


She finally got her abortion at the Oklahoma City clinic on Sept. 20. She had to put off a car payment to cover her part of the $1,550 charge. Her partner, a police officer, split the cost and drove her the three hours from Dallas where they live.


She said she had been on her own for some time. Her mother died in a car crash when she was 9, and her father died of cancer when she was 19. And though she feels much more financially stable now than in her teens — she was putting herself through college studying criminal justice until the coronavirus pandemic — she said she could not support a baby.


“I would have to put my life on hold,” she said. “I don’t know if I would be able to go back to school.”


Sarah had never been pregnant before, but she said she knew her decision was right. Still, it was difficult. In the weeks that she waited for her appointment, she said it was impossible not to think about what was growing inside her. The ultrasound confirming her pregnancy, which she received at a center run by an anti-abortion group, was performed by a woman who typed ‘Hi, Mommy,’ and ‘Hi, it’s me,' into the screen and gave Sarah the printout.


“It’s hard not to have the instinct to want to form a bond with it,” Sarah said. “And just having to remind myself every day, you can’t do it. Like it’s just not the time for you. So that’s been the hardest part.”


Trust Women draws anti-abortion groups too. An R.V. operated by anti-abortion activists that advertises free pregnancy tests and ultrasounds sometimes parks across the street at Rancho Village Food Mart.


Raymundo Marquez, 23, a cashier there, said his brother, an owner of the shop, allows it. But Mr. Marquez has conflicted feelings. He believes that abortion is wrong: When his girlfriend got pregnant in high school, they did not consider it. But he said it was hard to judge someone else for doing it, because he knows there are children who are homeless and neglected.


“It’s sad both ways,” he said.


By Tuesday afternoon, one protester had appeared, standing tall in a green flowered jacket and green flats, praying and looking toward the clinic’s security booth. Inside, Louis Padilla, the security guard, was watching her. She is a regular, and sometimes he walks outside to debate her.


Mr. Padilla said that he was Catholic and Republican, but that he was won over to the cause of the clinic after working there for a while. Each woman has her own story, he said, and who are men like him to judge them? He mows the clinic’s lawn, puts up its flag and sometimes fixes appliances because repairmen refuse to come to an abortion clinic.  He even bought a drone with his own money to watch the protesters outside.


The situation in Texas may be temporary. A hearing on Oct. 1 will give the law’s opponents another chance to convince a judge to suspend it. But other restrictions are looming. In Oklahoma there are five, including a law that requires abortion providers to be board-certified obstetricians. If it takes effect as scheduled on Nov. 1, four of the eight doctors licensed to work at Trust Women could no longer do so.


Samerah made it to the Oklahoma clinic with the help of financial assistance funds, which covered plane tickets for her and her son. Her abortion was covered too. But her partner had to pay his own way there. He was fired, she said, when he asked for time off. And she lost several days’ pay.


She does not believe that the people who passed the law considered the consequences for women like her. Those officials, she said, go to their jobs in “their car that doesn’t have problems starting up, with a tire that is not flat.”


Meanwhile, she and her partner and her son will go back to Texas to a real fear that they may not be able to pay rent for October.


“I have to go home and figure out what to do in the next month, and the next month is in a couple of weeks. Like what am I going to do, you know?”


Clare Toeniskoetter contributed reporting. Sheelagh McNeill contributed research.



5) This Lab Charges $380 for a Covid Test. Is That What Congress Had in Mind?

Insurers say it’s price-gouging, but a law left an opening for some labs to charge any price they wished.

By Sarah Kliff, Sept. 26, 2021

The rapid testing facility run by GS Labs in Omaha. Its prices have set off a debate over how much a coronavirus test should cost.
The rapid testing facility run by GS Labs in Omaha. Its prices have set off a debate over how much a coronavirus test should cost. Credit...Madeline Cass for The New York Times

At the drugstore, a rapid Covid test usually costs less than $20.


Across the country, over a dozen testing sites owned by the start-up company GS Labs regularly bill $380.


There’s a reason they can. When Congress tried to ensure that Americans wouldn’t have to pay for coronavirus testing, it required insurers to pay certain laboratories whatever “cash price” they listed online for the tests, with no limit on what that might be.


GS Labs’s high prices and growing presence — it has performed a half-million rapid tests since the pandemic’s start, and still runs thousands daily — show how the government’s longstanding reluctance to play a role in health prices has hampered its attempt to protect consumers. As a result, Americans could ultimately pay some of the cost of expensive coronavirus tests in the form of higher insurance premiums.


Many health insurers have refused to pay GS Labs’s fees, some contending that the laboratory is price-gouging during a public health crisis. A Blue Cross plan in Missouri has sued GS Labs over its prices, seeking a ruling that would void $10.9 million in outstanding claims.


In court last month, the insurer claimed that the fees were “disaster profiteering,” and in violation of public policy.


Omaha-based GS Labs contends the exact opposite: that it has public policy on its side, pointing to the CARES Act passed in 2020. “Insurers are obligated to pay cash price, unless we come to a negotiated rate,” said Christopher Erickson, a partner at GS Labs.


The requirement that insurers pay the cash price applies only to out-of-network laboratories, meaning those that have not negotiated a price with the insurer. There are signs other laboratories may be acting like GS Labs: A study published this summer by America’s Health Insurance Plans, the trade association that represents insurers, found that the share of coronavirus tests conducted at out-of-network facilities rose to 27 percent from 21 percent between April 2020 and March 2021.


It found that the average price for a coronavirus test at an in-network facility was $130, a figure that includes both rapid tests and the more widely used, and more expensive, PCR tests. About half of out-of-network providers are charging at least $50 more than that.


The $380 cash price is posted on the GS Labs website. In legal documents, it has said that it pays “approximately $20” for the rapid test itself. Mr. Erickson says the high price reflects the “premium service” they provide patients, as well as the $37 million in start-up costs associated with building their laboratory network in less than a year.


“You can book 15 minutes out with us on any given day, and get your results in 15 to 20 minutes,” Mr. Erickson said, pointing to the scarcity of testing at many drugstores. “We have a nursing hotline where you can get your results interpreted. Our pricing is one of the most expensive in the nation because we have the best service in the nation.”


Health policy experts who reviewed the GS Labs prices said that, even with the company’s investment in its service, it was hard to understand why their tests should cost eight times the Medicare rate of $41.


“This is not like neurosurgery where you might want to pay a premium for someone to have years of experience,” said Sabrina Corlette, a research professor at Georgetown who has studied coronavirus testing prices.


Even though she felt its price was exceptionally high, Ms. Corlette and other experts said GS Labs had strong legal grounds to continue charging it because of how Congress wrote the CARES Act. “Whatever price the lab puts on their public-facing website, that is what has to be paid,” she said. “I don’t read a whole lot of wiggle room in it.”


GS Labs is owned by City+Ventures, a real estate and investment firm. It started its first testing site last October and, at its peak, operated 30 locations across the country.


As it began increasing testing last year, it inquired about becoming an in-network provider, offering what it described as “substantial discounts” in return for reliable and prompt payments. The company declined to specify the exact size of its discount, but said that insurers generally rejected its proposals.


GS Labs said it felt insurers were hostile to its new operation.Some sent their members explanation-of-benefit documents, showing that the claim had been denied and that the patient might have to pay the full amount.


GS Labs says it does not pursue fees directly from patients, which would violate federal law, and says those mailings were a tactic to turn customers against its business.


“They try to paint us in a bad light when they’re the ones not following federal law,” said Kirk Thompson, another GS Labs partner. “Insurers have made a decision to ignore their obligations or justify not following the CARES Act.”


Insurers describe the interactions differently. They say they are doing their best, within the bounds of federal law, to protect patients from unnecessary high fees that will ultimately drive up premiums.


UPMC Health Plan in Pittsburgh first became aware of GS Labs when it saw an unusual pattern on its claims: The vast majority included a rapid antigen test alongside a Covid antibody test. Of all claims the health plan received from any laboratory with this combination of billing codes, it said 91 percent came from GS Labs.


“There is very little reason to order both of those tests on the same day,” said Stephen Perkins, the health plan’s chief medical officer. “They serve very different purposes, and they would not be systematically ordered as a result of suspected Covid exposure.”


The health plan saw this as evidence that GS Labs was gaming the CARES Act: Insurers are required to fully cover antigen and antibody tests. “The CARES Act governs what we can and can’t do, and we can’t refuse to pay for the double billing,” he said.


GS Labs says that it offers patients a “menu of tests,” and that the patient chooses which ones to get.


The UPMC health plan has decided, however, to challenge GS Labs pricing in other ways. At one point, the plan’s legal staff noticed the laboratory advertised a 70 percent coupon available to cash-pay patients, which would bring the price down to $114. The coupon has since been removed from the GS Labs website.


“We told GS Labs that we believed that was their cash price, and that is what we are now paying them,” said Sheryl Kashuba, the plan’s chief legal officer.


Evan White, general counsel at City+Ventures, said his company was still evaluating “next steps” with the health plan. “We are by no means content with what they have self-imposed as their rate,” he said.


What actually counts as the GS Labs cash price — and whether insurers will ultimately have to pay it — may be settled in Congress or the courts.


In July, Blue Cross Blue Shield Kansas City argued in a lawsuit against GS Labs that the discounted price sometimes offered to patients who cover the test themselves — the $114 fee that UPMC Health Plan also discovered — is the company’s actual cash price.


“GS Labs knowingly and willfully executed a scheme or artifice to defraud health insurers and plans by posting a sham cash price,” the health plan said in its legal brief, “and then demanding that group health plans and insurers pay those same sham cash prices.”


GS Labs has responded that just because it gave discounts to some patients, that does not mean insurers are “entitled to pay only a small fraction of the published cash price.” It has countersued the Blue Cross plan, contending the plan must pay nearly $10 million for 34,621 outstanding claims.


Congress, legislating quickly amid a health crisis in 2020 and settling on policies that would be easy to roll out, did not use the formula it recently adopted to pass legislation against surprise billing: mandate that insurers and medical providers settle price differences via an outside arbitrator.


Senator Tina Smith, Democrat of Minnesota, proposed a bill in July that would cap coronavirus test reimbursement to twice the Medicare reimbursement rate. For rapid tests, that would be about $80.


In introducing her legislation, Senator Smith cited The Times’s reporting on high-priced tests as evidence for why such a change was needed.


“If these labs are going to take advantage of this situation, and charge whatever the market will bear, that pushes us into putting a limit on the cash price to stop the price gouging that is hurting consumers,” she said in an interview.


It’s unclear whether that legislation could become part of the reconciliation package that Congress is debating. There may be a hesitance to act: Legislators are tackling larger health care proposals, and they may expect the issue of testing fees to resolve on its own when the pandemic ends.


“Everyone keeps thinking we’re almost done, and this provision of the CARES Act only lasts as long as the public health emergency,” said Loren Adler, associate director of the U.S.C.-Brookings Schaeffer Initiative for Health Policy.


GS Labs plans to continue expanding, as demand for rapid testing remains robust. It does not see the Biden administration’s plan of widespread in-home rapid testing as an obstacle to its growth. It now operates 16 testing sites, and has plans to open two more soon. When those open, its cash price will remain the same.


“We’re very reasonable people, but our cash price is a true cash price for any insurer that does not want to negotiate,” Mr. Thompson of GS Labs said.